Legalism, Taoism, and Confucianism in Ancient China
1049 WordsFeb 21st, 20184 Pages
Since the beginning of time there has been great debate among men over which philosophies to live life by. The list of philosophies that exist in the world today is nearly endless, making it difficult to decide which one is the most suitable to live by. Ancient China was arguably among one of the most philosophical cultures that has ever existed to date. They had multiple schools of thought including Chinese Naturalism, Mohism, Logicians, Confucianism, Taoism (Daoism), and Legalism. Many of these philosophies fell into obscurity but three of them had a very large impact on ancient China and still have influence around the globe today. Legalism, Taoism, and Confucianism each had its own ways of seeing the nature of human beings, society, and the universe. Although they were all different they all shared a similar purpose, to make society a better place. Because they are so different, however, different people are going to prefer different philosophies. Confucianism and Taoism have and will continue to be the topic of debate for time to come and although Legalism has not been practiced for some time now, it still played a significant role in ancient Chinese history. (Confucianism, Legalism, Daoism) Confucianism was founded by a man named Confucius. Confucius was a man who proposed that society needed…
Essay about Comparing Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism
1019 Words5 Pages
Comparing Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism
4. Compare and contrast Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. How are they similar? How are they different?
Has over 300 million members, and was founded around 2, 500 years ago in India. The founder is Gautama Siddhartha, the Buddha, or referred to as the "Enlightened One."
Their major scripture are The Triptaka, Anguttara-Nikaya, Dhammapada, Sutta-Nipata, Samyutta-Nikaya and many others. Buddhism today is divided into three main sects: Theravada, or Hinayana (Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, Cambodia), Mahayana (China, Japan, Vietnam, Korea), and Vajrayana (Tibet, Mongolia and Japan).
Their Life goal is Nirvana (A place of great condition, or complete…show more content…
Understand his relationship to the heavens and earth. Beginning as early as the prehistoric age, it is evident from cave paintings that religious rites may have been used to ensure the success of hunting, fertility, and harvests.
Confucianism began about 2,500 years ago in China. The founder Supreme Sage K'ung-fu-tsu (Confucius) and Secong Sage Meng-tzu (Mencius).
Its, Doctrine of the Mean, Great Learning and Mencius.
Confucianism has been for over 25 centuries, the dominant philosophical system in China and the guiding light in almost every aspect of Chinese life. Confucius and his followers traveled throughout the many feudal states of the Chinese empire, persuading rulers to adopt his social reforms. They did not offer a point-by-point program, but stressed instead the "Way," or "One Thread," Jen, which is (translated as "humanity or love") that runs through all Confucius' teachings. They urged individuals to strive for perfect virtue, righteousness (called Yi) and improvement of character. They taught the importance of harmony in the family, order in the state and peace in the empire, which they saw as inherently interdependent. Teachings emphasize a code of conduct, self-cultivation and propriety - and thus the attainment of social and national order. Stress is more on human duty and the ideal of the "superior man" than on a divine or supramundane Reality. Still, Confucius fasted, worshiped