Western Authors Bibliography

**NOTE: For CDEM CORD submission guidelines, please click here.**

Instructions to Authors: Submission Guidelines

The Western Journal of Emergency Medicine: Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health (WestJEM) solicits contributions for publication through www.westjem.com.

Before submitting, please review the Submission Guidelines here or see below. 


CategoryWord Count LimitFigure, Tables and Images Limit (combined)Abstract Limit
Original Research40007350
Brief Research Report15002350
Educational Advances40005350
Brief Educational Advances15001350
Systems of Medicine40005300
Systematic Review30005350
Health Policy Analysis40005350
ALiEM Peer-Reviewed Online Media and Pedagogical Technologies30005350
Editorials (Invited)2000NoneNone
Letters to the Editor700NoneNone

For detailed Case Report and Images in Emergency Medicine guidelines, please click HERE. WestJEM adheres to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication (http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf).

Submission Checklist

To facilitate prompt peer review, before submitting, please adhere to the following guidelines. Papers submitted without these features will be returned to the authors for completion.

  • Upload manuscript as a Microsoft Word document
    • Entire paper in one document (but without title page) including abstract, text with tables and figures embedded within the paper in the order in which they are cited, and references.
    • Blinded with all author information and study locations removed throughout
  • Each individual table/figure with its associated legend and footnotes (if present) on the same page (All legends must be sufficiently explanatory that they could be understood without reference to the article itself.)
  • Appendices should be uploaded as separate documents under “Supplemental Files”
  • All authors’ full titles, affiliations, and contact emails
  • Title page with author information (not to be shared with reviewer to maintain blinding)
  • Cover letter including corresponding author contact information
    • Brief statement of justification, importance, and fit with the niche of the journal
    • Conflicts of interest (outside jobs, consultations, stocks, research support, financial interests, honoraria, speaker fees, military support, etc.)
    • Address and complete contact information for corresponding author
  • Title page should include
    • Authors with respective titles (MD, PhD, MS, etc), institutions, and departments (12 author limit).
    • Which meeting (if any) where the research was presented.
    • Word count
    • Corresponding author with complete contact information including phone number(s).
  • Individual files for figures, tables, and videos
    • Images in original format (.jpeg, .png, .gif, .tiff, .bmp, etc)
    • Videos must be in .mov, .mp4, or .flv format
    • Tables in Microsoft Word documents
  • Signed patient waiver and permissions form acknowledging potential publication and accessibility on the internet for figures/videos containing a patient’s face, eyes, or other identifiers



  • Include title at the top of the first page (limited to 100 characters including spaces). Spell out all abbreviations no matter how obvious, for example, “emergency department”
  • Include abstract before body
    • Structured abstract: Introduction, Methods, Results, Conclusion
    • Non-structured abstract (Review manuscripts only): Paragraph narrative
  • Continuous line numbering is included in left-hand margin [WORD directions: Page Layout →Line Numbers →Continuous]
  • Text in 12 point Times New Roman font
  • Entire manuscript is double-spaced including references
  • All footnote numbering must be in superscript format (Ctrl shift +) with the number following punctuation per this example: …to develop a standard of care.23



  • List major headlines in BOLD, UPPERCASE lettering without colon
    • Subheadings are in bold and in title case lettering (first letter of each word is capitalized)



  • All figures/tables/videos to be referenced within text of manuscript in the order they appear
  • Fully descriptive legends for each figure and table such that they could stand alone if removed from the context of the larger paper.
  • Abbreviations in figures/tables must be spelled out or notated in legend or footnote, even if already done so in text
  • All line art figures have a minimum resolution of 600 dots per inch (DPI) and images 300 DPI
    • To check DPI: Right click image file, Click “Properties”, found under Details
    • To change DPI: Open image using Photoshop, Click “Image”→Image Size→ Resolution→ 600 pixels/inch
  • Every figure/video includes contrasting black or white arrows clearly pointing to important (even obvious) findings
  • Tables are made in a Microsoft Word document using “Insert Table” function
    • Each column must have a heading
    • Minimum size of 2 X 2
    • Every row/column, including subcategories (i.e. female and male subcategories below gender category) should be split into own cells. This includes corresponding data for each sub-category.
    • Subcategories should be indented by 0.125 inches
      • Sub-subcategories should be indented by 0.25 inches


Example Table: Type fully descriptive legend here. (List all abbreviations here).

Heading 1Heading 2



  • Up to 1 minute for radiologic findings such as ultrasound, CT, or MRI
  • Up to 5 minutes for other videos (e.g. demonstrations of a procedure)
  • Videos must be narrated or annotated



  • All submissions must contain references
  • They must be listed in the order in which they first appear in text (not alphabetically)
  • References follow the American Medical Association Citation Style Guide. (http://www.lib.jmu.edu/citation/amaguide.pdf) except:
    • Authors: List up to three authors, before putting et al. If there are only two authors, replace comma between names with “and”
    • Remove DOI
    • Delete spaces between publication year, volume, issue, and page numbers
  • In-text reference numbers should be placed after the period as a superscript, like this.1
    • Arabic numerals (i.e. 1,2,3) are used instead of roman numerals (i.e. i, ii, iii)
  • Journal names must be abbreviated and italicized


Study DesignReporting Guidelines
Randomized controlled trial (RCT) superiority designCONSORT Statement (Begg et al, JAMA 1996, 276(8), 637-9) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8773637
RCT with non-inferiority/equivalence designModified CONSORT Statement (Piaggio et al, JAMA 2006: 295, 1152-1160) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23268518
Systematic review of therapeutic interventionsPRISMA Statement (Moher et al, Int J. Surg. 2010, 8: 336-341) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10584742
Diagnostic test performance studySTARD Statement (Bossuyt et al, Clin Chem 2003, 49: 1-6) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12507954
Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) Statement

Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) Statement (H Pinock et al, BMJ 2017, 356)

Additional Resources: Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIORE): http://www.squire-statement.org/ For Step-by-Step directions on how to upload your article, click for a PDF here: Instructions for Uploading a New Submission

For additional reporting guidelines please visit http://www.equator-network.org.

Updated August, 2017

African American History in the West Bibliography Authors & Editors

Abajian, James de T.Blacks and Their Contributions to the American West: A Bibliography and Union List of Library Holdings Through 1970 Yes
Acosta, JuneWaiting in Line at the Drugstore, And Other Writings of James Thomas Jackson Yes
Baker, T. LindsayThe WPA Oklahoma Slave Narratives Yes
Baker, T. LindsayTill Freedom Cried Out: Memories of Texas Slave Life Yes
Baldassare, MarkThe Los Angeles Riots: Lessons for the Urban Future Yes
Barr, AlwynBlack Leaders: Texans for Their Times Yes
Bataille, Gretchen M.Living the Dream in Arizona : The legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.Yes
Bellington, Monroe Lee ed., and Roger D. HardawayAfrican Americans on the Western Frontier Yes
Bringhurst, Newell G. ed., Smith, Darron T. Black and MormonYes
Bryant, CloraCentral Avenue Sounds: Jazz in Los Angeles Yes
Bullock, PaulWatts, The Aftermath: An Inside View of the Ghetto, By the People of Watts Yes
Chan, Sucheng and othersPeoples of Color in the American WestYes
Chang, Edward T.Los Angeles, Struggles Toward Multiethnic Community: Asian American, African American & Latino Perspectives Yes
Corroll, John M.The Black Military Experience in the American West Yes
Coughtry, JamieCivil Rights Efforts in Las Vegas: 1940s-1980s Yes
Coughtry, JamieWoodrow Wilson: Race, Community, and Politics in Las Vegas, 1940s-1980s Yes
Coughtry, Jamie and Helen M. BlueClarence Ray: Black Politics and Gaming in Las Vegas, 1920s-1980s Yes
Davis, Cynthia ed., and Mitchell, Verner D.Western Echos of the Harlem Renaissance: The Life and Writings of Anita Scott ColemanYes
de Graaf, Lawrence and Quintard TaylorSeeking El Dorado: African Americans in California Yes
DeBow, Samuel P. and Edward A. PitterWho's Who in Religious, Fraternal, Social, Civic and Commercial Life on the Pacific Coast
Diaz, EdHorace Roscoe Cayton: Selected Writings (2 Vols.)
DjeDje, Jacqueline CogdellCalifornia Soul: Music of African Americans in the West Yes
Glasrud, Bruce A.Exploring the Afro-Texas Experience: A Bibliography of Secondary Sources about Black Texans Yes
Glasrud, Bruce A.The African American Experience in Texas: An Anthology Yes
Glasrud, Bruce A.The African American West: A Century of Short Stories Yes
Glasrud, Bruce A.Brothers to the Buffalo Soldiers: Perspectives on African American Militia and Volunteers, 1865-1917Yes
Glasrud, Bruce A.African Americans in South Texas HistoryYes
Glasrud, Bruce A.Buffalo Soldiers in the West: A Black Soldiers AnthologyYes
Glasrud, Bruce A.Anti-Black Violence in Twentieth-Century TexasYes
Glasrud, Bruce A. and Cary D. WintzHarlem Renaissance in the West: The New Negro's Western ExperiencesYes
Glasrud, Bruce A. and Paul H. CarlsonSlavery to Integration: Black Americans in West TexasYes
Gordon, Jacob U.Narratives of African Americans in Kansas, 1870-1992: Beyond the Exodus Movement Yes
Hardaway, Roger D.A Narrative Bibliography of the African-American Frontier: Blacks in the Rocky Mountain West, 1535-1912Yes
Hunt, DarnellBlack Los Angeles: American Dreams and Racial RealitiesYes
Jones, Charles E.The Black Panther Party: ReconsideredYes
Little, William A.Blacks in Oregon: A Statistical and Historical Report
Massey, Sara R.Black Cowboys of Texas Yes
Miles, Tiya and Sharon P. HollandCrossing Waters, Crossing Worlds: The African Diaspora in Indian CountryYes
Oregon Northwest Black PioneersPerseverance: A History of African Americans in Oregon's Marion and Polk CountiesYes
Peavler, David J.Intersections of Race and Class on the Kansas Frontier
Rawick, George P.The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography: The Arkansas, Colorado, Minnesota, Missouri, Oregon and Washington NarrativesYes
Rawick, George P.The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography: The Oklahoma Narratives Yes
Rawick, George P.The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography: The Texas Narratives Yes
Rusco, Elmer R.Voices of Black Nevada Yes
Scharff, VirginiaEmpire and Liberty: The Civil War and the WestYes
Schiesl, Martin ed., and Dodge, Mark K.City of Promise: Race and Historical Change in Los AngelesYes
Sheridan, Richard B.Freedom's Crucible: The Underground Railroad in Lawrence and Douglas County, Kansas, 1854-1865: A Reader Yes
Sherman, MaxBarbara Jordan: Speaking the Truth With Eloquence Thunder
Taylor, Quintard and Shirley Ann Wilson MooreAfrican American Women Confront the West, 1600-2000Yes
Wollenberg, CharlesNeither Separate nor Equal: Race and Racism in CaliforniaYes
Yu, Eui-YoungBlack-Korean Encounter: Toward Understanding and Alliance, Dialogue between black and Korean Americans in the Aftermath of the 1Yes
Domer, Dennis & Barbara Watkins Embattled Lawrence: Conflict & CommunityYes
Abel, Annie HeloiseThe Slaveholding IndiansYes
Abrums, Mary E.Moving the Rock: Poverty and Faith in a Black Storefront ChurchYes
Adkins, Jan BatisteAfrican Americans of San Francisco (Images of America)Yes
Alder, PatriciaParadise West: A Study of Negro Attitudes Toward the City of Los Angeles Yes
Allen, Robert L.The Port Chicago Mutiny: The Story of the Largest Mass Mutiny Trial in U.S. Naval History Yes
Anderson, E. FrederickThe Development of Leadership and Organization Building in the Black Community of Los Angeles from 1900 Through World War II
Anderson, RobertFrom Slavery to Affluence: Memoirs of Robert Anderson, Ex-SlaveYes
Andrews, GreggThyra J. Edwards: Black Activist in the Global Freedom StruggleYes
Aptheker, BettinaThe Morning Breaks: The Trial of Angela Davis Yes
Associated Students, University of OregonWhich Side Are You On? The Black Panthers in Eugene
Athearn, Robert G.In Search of Canaan: Black Migration to Kansas, 1879-80 Yes
Atkins, J. AlstonThe Texas Negro and His Political Rights: A History of the Fight of the Negro to Enter the Democratic Primaries of TexasYes
Atkins, James T.Human Relations in Colorado: A Historical RecordYes
Bachman, WaltNorthern Slave, Black Dakota: The Life and Times of Joseph GodfreyYes
Bailey, BethThe First Strange Place: Race and Sex in World War II Hawaii Yes
Bailey, M. ThomasReconstruction in Indian Territory: A Story of Avarice, Discrimination, and Opportunism Yes
Banks, Melvin J.The Pursuit of Equality: The Movement for First Class Citizenship Among Negroes in Texas
Banner, Warren M.The Economic and Cultural Progress of the Negro in Phoenix, Arizona
Barbee-Wooten, DaphneAfrican American Attorneys in Hawaii
Barlow, WilliamAn End to Silence: The San Francisco State College Student Movement in the 1960s
Barr, AlwynBlack Texans: A History of Negroes in Texas, 1528-1971 Yes
Bass, Charlotta A.Forty Years: Memoirs From the Pages of a NewspaperYes
Bauman, RobertRace and the War on Poverty: From Watts to East L.A.Yes


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