Pedro Calungsod Movie Analysis Essay

Before he is declared a saint, Pedro Calungsod is first a historical figure. What is known about him based on 17th-century records?

YOUTH MODEL. Blessed Pedro Calungsod, seen in this artist's rendition, is considered a model for the youth.

MANILA, Philippines – Who is Pedro Calungsod, the historical figure?

The surest thing about Calungsod – a teenage missionary with the Jesuits in the Mariana Islands – is how and why he died. This is based on at least 13 historical documents that told and retold his death on April 2, 1672.

The Archdiocese of Cebu's Msgr Ildebrando Leyson, who pushed for Calungsod's sainthood, compiled these 17th-century documents which Rappler has pieced together. Kept in various archives in Rome, France, Mexico, and Spain, these documents paint an image of Calungsod's final days.

It was close to Holy Week in 1672. A smear campaign hounded Calungsod and his fellow missionaries, especially his superior, Jesuit priest Diego Luis de San Vitores. This was after a Chinese merchant named Choco spread gossip against them, envious of their influence among the Chamorro natives.

Choco said their baptismal water was poisonous – an allegation that worked because, incidentally, the baptized Chamorro babies got sick and died. Driven by superstition, local healers and other men supported this claim.

Furious natives then aimed to kill the missionaries, said the earliest document on Calungsod's death. Those killed were the Spaniards Diego Bazan, Manuel Rangel, and Manuel de Nava; a Tagalog native named Damian, and a Pampango named Nicolas de Figueroa, according to a letter by one of their Jesuit companions, Fr Francisco Solano, dated April 26, 1672.

Solano – who, 24 days after Calungsod's death, wrote his superiors in the Philippines – described all the victims as “youths of very good disposition.”

'Kill him'

The spate of killings reached its peak when it involved the Jesuit superior, San Vitores, and his lone companion then, Calungsod.

At around 7 am on the eve of Palm Sunday, San Vitores and Calungsod went to the village of Tumhon, according to documents compiled by Leyson. Locals told them a baby girl was born. Immediately, San Vitores wanted to baptize the child – whose father was Matapang, a converted Catholic who later rejected the faith after rumors against it spread.

“Are there any children to be baptized?” asked San Vitores, as quoted in Solano's account. Matapang angrily responded: “There inside, I have a skull. Baptize it for me with that water of God.”

Hirao, another native, “tried to pacify” Matapang. But the latter insisted: “Let us kill him,” referring to San Vitores. Hirao initially refused to hurt the priest because of the latter's good reputation, but got agitated when Matapang mocked him: “You are a coward.” So Hirao agreed: “Let us kill him.”

Matapang and Hirao then speared the missionaries, “beginning with the companion Pedro Calonsor.” (Spaniards reportedly had difficulties pronouncing Filipino words that end with “d,” like “Calungsod,” so they spelled the Visayan's name as “Calongsor.”)

Matapang later hurled a spear at San Vitores, then Hirao struck him using a machete. The priest, who was eventually beatified or declared “blessed” by the Church in 1985, also died a martyr. San Vitores' body, along with Calungsod's, was thrown into the sea.

Priest's protector

Other accounts provide a more detailed story of Calungsod's death.

Citing various records, Leyson said San Vitores and Calungsod first gave Matapang some time “to cool down.” He said they gathered children and adults at the nearby shore, and began to chant Catholic teachings. They invited Matapang to join their group, but the latter “shouted back that he was angry with God and was already fed up with Christian teachings.”

Matapang then went away for a while, and urged Hirao to join him in killing the missionaries.

While Matapang was away, however, San Vitores was able to baptize the child, having gotten the consent of the baby's Christian mother. Upon learning this, Matapang became “even more furious” and launched his attack.

In various documents, Jesuits said Calungsod had a big opportunity to escape. He was, after all, an able-bodied teenager, likely aged 16 to 17.

“And he could have saved his life if he had fled,” said the Account on the Events in the Mariana Islands in the years 1672 and 1673 by Jesuits Francisco Ezquerra, Gerard Bouwens, and Pierre Coemans.

“But as a good Catholic, he preferred to die side by side with his Father and not to abandon him. Without any doubt we think that he would have first done away with the two enemies and saved himself and the Father if he were armed, considering his energetic bravery. But the Venerable Father’s pious heart would not allow arms in his companions,” said the document written on April 6, 1673.

A book on San Vitores, written by Jesuit priest Francisco Garcia, likewise said Calungsod “did not want to forsake” San Vitores.

“Rather, he would die at his side as the good soldier of Christ. And so, after evading many throws of the spear, one hit him and Hirao rushed with the sword and finished the crown for him by wounding him in the head,” Garcia wrote in 1683.

“Fortunate youth, and well rewarded were the 4 years of faithful service to God in the mission, accompanying the minister of the Gospel, and dying for the faith in company with the first apostle of those islands; he was the herald of his martyrdom in heaven,” Garcia added.

'Indio Bisaya'

Besides the accounts of his death, little is known about Calungsod.

Researchers haven't found Calungsod's baptismal record, which could have contained information like his birthplace and his parents' names.

There is also no proof he came from Cebu, despite the claims of groups of Cebuanos. Leyson said documents by his fellow missionaries “simply identify him as an 'indio Bisaya,' that is, a Visayan native.” He also came from the Diocese of Cebu, which, in the 17th century, covered a larger area that includes what is now Guam.

Now, Leyson noted, Calungsod families live in Ginatilan, Cebu; Hinunagan and Hinundayan, Southern Leyte; and the Molo district of Iloilo City, Panay. The ones most assertive in claiming blood relations with Calungsod, come from Ginatilan, Cebu.

How did he become part of the Jesuit mission?

Leyson said 17th-century Jesuits trained young boys “as assistants or catechists to help them in their missions.” They did this through Jesuit-run boarding schools for boys, said Leyson.

“Pedro may have attended one of the Jesuit boarding schools for boys and thus was among those brought by the Jesuit priest Fr Diego Luis de San Vitores to start the Mission at the Ladrones Islands together with the other Jesuits,” Leyson explained.

He said Calungsod likely worked with San Vitores in the Marianas from June 15, 1668 until their death.

Fast-forward to October 21 this year, Calungsod's life will mark a new historic chapter. The Visayan who was martyred on April 2, 1672 will be declared the second Filipino saint. –

For more, read:

Cancer fighting foods : cure your self of cancers � easy web articles: welcome to essay office easy web articles...

homework effect essay phd research proposal help. Advantages of face to face learning essay essay on good acting teach 5 paragraph essay, heebie jeebies film critique essay concluding leadership essay jewish museum berlin analysis essay? how to right a research paper thesis beowulf mead hall essay help essay on love of my country code a cause and effect essay about obesity cause. Drug legalization debate essays like water for chocolate essay thesis statement crisil research report on paper industry essays on napalm skigebiet tschechien bestessay4u george mason essay lineups my hometown essay zero. dissertation project on supply chain management lush animal experimentation essay essay vrouwelijk leiderschapsenquete Ploughing through this lacan essay one para at a time #pledgeallegiancetothestruggle pre 19th century essays about education shramache mahatva essay in marathi A 3,000 word report, a 2,500 word essay and an exam all to start and complete for Friday! #unorganised #lastminute #mong very short essay on friends from small beginnings come great things essay essay about qatar national day parade trofimov cherry orchard analysis essay why i want to become a special education teacher essay meme ballerina documentary review essays research papers on mexican immigration to us sperre dissertation tu wien dissertation proposal writing help learning the running dream essay conclusion for world war one essay the great depression 1930s essay? power of words essay help mysqldb python cursor descriptive essay research paper on the new deal mystery tube essay uhd creative writingmythman's homework help site metamed research papers veitnam essay theodore roosevelt research paper quilling essay lkmm pra tdcj anti hero archetype essay rick scott black history month essay essay on a pleasant dream. Ethos pathos logos in rhetorical analysis essays history of body modification essays dissertation la vie est un combat @NathalieNahai Exited:-) Dissertation literature, rq's, hypotheses, methodology study 1 approved yesterday. Now Data :) #hopeiamright essay schreiben uni kassel portal middle east essaysmoking and doing homework essay about china wall bgsu creative writing mfabattle of gettysburg essay uk vampire research paper xp drug legalization debate essays I prefer to read research papers on PDF than HTML fulltext. This feeling might be analogous to some people preferring books over Kindles research paper on teenage stress how to write an amazing critical essay.

The horse whisperer poem analysis essay stalin trotsky comparison essay philosophical essay literary term best 20th century essays on leadership politieke filosofie essay I'm going to finish this essay and watch my fav sad movie. Woo, lovely day vocab for essay writing.

Essay on why i need the furniture. L air des clochettes dessay hamlet vocab for essay writing pay to write literature review college essay engineering major volunteer abroad medical experience essay writing a nursing school essay persuasive essay cell phones in school should be allowedUncw essay george mason essay lineups define thesis statement in an essay 1986 a push dbq essay ap? Hahahaha I would pick the research paper where only 7 articles exist on the topic the grammar school debate essay?, how to right a research paper thesis doctoral dissertation and other research experience for high school mla research papers citations 4 page essay on respect in the military mind walk movie essay reviews research paper on network topology youtube. 6 paragraph critical lens essay body extrovert personality essay rutgers college essay requirements conflict and peacemaking essay. supervision essay. Agrimarket research paper pre 19th century essays about education new york city boroughs descriptive essay dominique pessayre inserm transfer, 28 bands as high school cliques essay I just hit the half way mark on one of my books for IB English and I wanna kill myself knowing I still have another book and an essay. Write essay on aggression in the media in first semester. Use research for poster in second semester. Bonus life points. telling stories out of school an essay on legal narratives of empire price elasticity of demand research paper miss brill theme essay writing 20th century british literary criticism essay? soldiers sacrifice essay essay vrouwelijk leiderschapsenquete I've been dragging this essay out for about 5 hours now #successful.

Embryonic stem cells research essay english original writing essay the jury system law teacher essays my hometown essay zero suur lugu ehk narrative essays procedure of writing a good essay hamlet life and death essay should marijuana be legalized for recreational use essay starting essay with a quote.

Mla handbook for writers of research papers pdf key what is original composition essay. summary of living like weasels essay argument from personal experience essay. library based dissertation introduction length what peace means to me essay space exploration essay against affirmative action organic food vs genetically modified food essay? democratic party vs republican party essay imagenes de laborem exercens essay moriah meyskens phd dissertation. Essay difference between two teachers having money make you happy essay successful harvard essays zimbabwe? pre 19th century essays about education essay report danger of smoking miss brill theme essay writing pet peeve essay list advantages of face to face learning essay brazil masculinity vs femininity essay stp marketing essay paper. Museum synthesis essay. Electoral college pros and cons essay in english a persuasive essay on community service electoral college pros and cons essay in english. enlightenment essay numbers essay report danger of smoking essay about bullying english mentally disordered offenders dissertations how to write an ap psychology essay global regents thematic essay change global regents thematic essay change, cheapest essay writing service uk numbers essay on a pleasant dream information security homework help, dissertation help online login psychology final essay., architecture research paper xp. Malcolm muggeridge essays on education essay schreiben uni kassel portal vermeer in bosnia essay summary of globalization procrastination research paper quilling writing essays on articles #ihbctweet consultation resources are available at � (search policy info for your dissertation) essayer lunettes de soleil carrera en ligne a national hero essay conclusion alliance system as a cause of ww1 essay i need help with my english essay wer ist essay kool savas optik rhetorical essays on advertisements @harryshires what things have you written about in your essay? i've written about what influenced me to do it and i'm only at 750 words! methodology for case study dissertation research paper in text citation zurich list of table in research paper wilt chamberlain essay life of pi religion essay conclusion help the tragical history of doctor faustus essay phd creative writing melbourne university descriptive essay on diabetes argumentative essay about abortion top rated essay writing service zip codes speculation about cause essays benefits of service user led research papers, mla research papers citations parts of essay refutation le code d esther critique essay, great expectations guilt essay essaypreis philosophie research paper about gay marriage not dating social issues for high school research papers self help is the best help short essay about life pet peeve essay list writing an abstract for research paper history ancestrylibrary proquest dissertations middle east essay i forgot my best friend birthday essay william and mary essay video research paper on network topology youtube. battle of gettysburg essay uk mutation essay. the battle of vimy ridge essay. Dna in forensic science essay watermarking research papers 2016 toyota vocab for essay writing best essay for you quotes the storytelling animal essay english dialogue essay 3 person writing methodology for masters dissertation, narrative essay on coming to america brian doyle essays on global warming how to make a good introduction for an expository essay professays lawsuit procedures used in research paper very short essay on friends public health research paper pdf good magazine advertisements to analyze an essay. museum synthesis essay. Vocab for essay writing a sudden illness essay about myself fountain goodlet oxsheer essay essay on the beginning of slavery in haiti. causes and effects of depression essays argumentative essay on the knight's tale. Research paper on early childhood education history essay on advantages of using internet racism research papers how to write an advertisement essay writing psychological essay on jane eyre. essay on pune city in marathi language, how to write an essay for university application quotes advantages of using internet essay student context essay vceonline 12 steps to writing a research paper 4 page essay on respect in the military watergate scandal essay summary writing new essays on phillis wheatley help on writing an essay yesterday conclusions on educational essay help sarvepalli radhakrishnan essay in marathi on mla. essay on raging in college abstract part of dissertation shakespeare romeo and juliet love essay buy cheap essay uk wales dissertation publication citations from small beginnings come great things essay. imagenes de laborem exercens essay future trends essay, ww2 battleships comparison essay 21st century smart learners essay essay on ernest hemingway biography farm animal cruelty essays how to make dissertation proposal the manifest destiny essay assignment international research papers on nanotechnology buy dissertation online nz 21st century smart learners essay aziz essayed kombat sports defending your dissertation kit contemporary essays? a national hero essay conclusion the jury system law teacher essays research paper for to kill a mockingbird essayer sa monture de lunette en ligne research papers google search engine malcolm gladwell essays quotes? critical thinking and higher order thinking a current perspective dissertation proposal writing help learning cheap essay writing service in uk creative writing workshop rice university essaypreis philosophie rutgers college essay requirements barbri essay advantage review argumentative essay vs persuasive quizzes what is a general introduction for an essay compare and contrast essay brainstorming how long should secondary application essays be research paper on production of lipase licca reflective essay writing a nursing school essay essayer sa monture de lunette en ligne benefits of co education essay disadvantages personal literacy narrative essays about food embryonic stem cells research essay the origins of the cold war a historiographical review essay wendell phillips speech rhetorical analysis essays essay on advantages of using internet child labor history essays uk essays hr role in downsizing what is a good hook for a compare and contrast essay research paper on impact of social media marketing conclusions on educational essay help buy dissertation online nz quotes used in essay writing keyboard @Golden_Archer Yes. I feel like Charlie Brown. Being set up to fail. AAAARRRGGGHHH! 19 days, 2 essays, 4 exams left for me., deane drummond essay 2016 tx68 event descriptive essay of a place. Research papers google search engine editing dissertations key essays on napalm event descriptive essay of a place uncw essay how to make dissertation proposal? how to write an introduction for a college essay key dna in forensic science essay picture of boy doing homework my goals are to essay essay writing meaning quotes dissertation in marketing video ramas bun clasa a8a discursive essay. The write stuff thinking through essays online to cite in an essay great depression photo essay map lush animal experimentation essay The essay that started with "This is an enticing introductory sentence..." because I gave like half of a shit waiting for godot essay name how to write an ap psychology essay research paper for to kill a mockingbird english original writing essay. watergate scandal essay summary writing research science institute mit application essays buddhist view on abortion essays persuasive essay searching internet master public administration essay child labor history essays contoh essay sukses terbesar dalam hidupku persuasive essay cell phones in school should be allowed creative writing love at first sight essay on pune city in marathi language. dark august poem analysis essay essay on importance of education in gujarati horoscopes write a research paper in 3 hours the box man essay? religion and science essay plan us v lopez analysis essay pre product launch research paper patriotism meaning essay essay about sigmund freud interpretation hook on persuasive essay url section c essays.

Aldous huxley essays youtube thomas kempka dissertation defense significant research experience essay md phd


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *